Letter V Classical Radio Feb. 23

7-10 p.m. EST
0000-0300 UTC/GMT
WDCE, University of Richmond
90.1 FM
http://wdce.net

Henriette Renié: “Ballade fantastique”
Emmanuel Ceysson, harp
(Aparté)

Scriabin: Symphony No. 4 (“La poème de l’extase”)
Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra/Dmitri Kitaenko
(RCA Red Seal)

Ravel: “Shéhérazade”
Anne Sofie von Otter, mezzo-soprano
Cleveland Orchestra/Pierre Boulez
(Deutsche Grammophon)

Vassilis Tsabropoulos: “Trois Morceaux après des hymnes byzantins”
Anja Lechner, cello
Vassilis Tsabropoulos, piano
(ECM)

Osvaldo Golijov: “The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind”
David Orlowsky, clarinet
Vogler Quartett
(Sony Classical)

Krzysztof Penderecki: “La Follia” for solo violin
Anne-Sophie Mutter, violin
(Deutsche Grammophon)

Pēteris Vasks: Cello Concerto No. 2 (“Presence”)
Sol Gabetta, cello
Amsterdam Sinfonietta/Candida Thompson
(Sony Classical)

Messiaen: “Les Offrandes oubilées”
Tonhalle-Orchester Zurich/Paavo Järvi
(Alpha)

Berlioz: “Lélio” – “Fantaisie sur ‘La Tempête’ de Shakespeare”
San Francisco Symphony Chorus
San Francisco Symphony/Michael Tilson Thomas
(RCA Red Seal)

Summoning Beethoven’s ‘imaginary orchestra’

John Eliot Gardiner, the British conductor whose historically informed English Baroque Soloists and Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique have opened several generations of ears to music as it’s believed to have been heard in 18th and 19th centuries, greets the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth by presenting the nine symphonies through Feb. 24 at New York’s Carnegie Hall.

In a talk with The New York Times’ Zachary Woolfe, Gardiner recalls his early exposure to the “Wagnerian,” romantic-style Beethoven interpretations of Wilhelm Furtwängler, discovery of the leaner, more dynamic Beethoven of Arturo Toscanini, and ultimate realization that as the composer’s hearing deteriorated, he was writing for an “imaginary orchestra,” audible only in his imagination.

If you’ve ever wondered why Gardiner gave his 19th-century style orchestra a French name, he notes that the first competent performances of the Beethoven symphonies were given after the composer’s death not Vienna, but by the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris. “For the first time they were rehearsed properly, with clear phrasing, articulations and unified bowings for the string players,” the conductor says. “Our model, if we had a model at all, was this Paris orchestra.”

Fire disrupts vinyl record making

A fire earlier this month has destroyed the manufacturing plant of a firm that produces the lacquer-coated aluminum master discs from which vinyl records are pressed, potentially slowing the growth of a once-retro, now increasingly popular medium for recorded music.

The destruction of the Apollo Masters factory in Banning, CA,, which has made about three-quarters of blank lacquers used in recent years, leaves only one supplier, the Japanese firm MDC, which is at peak capacity and is not accepting additional work, the Los Angeles Times’ Randall Roberts reports:

http://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/music/story/2020-02-14/apollo-masters-fire-vinyl-lacquer

“Blanks are only needed for new, previously unpressed albums,” Roberts notes. Production of existing titles should not be affected.

In 2019, vinyl records accounted for about 4 percent of US sales of recorded music – nearly 19 million albums. Vinyl’s share has been growing faster than that of any medium other than digitally streamed music.

(via http://www.artsjournal.com)

Letter V Classical Radio Feb. 16

Early moderns: Composers, with one foot in the past and the other in the future, exploring new possibilities in harmony, tone color and rhythm.

7-10 p.m. EST
0000-0300 UTC/GMT
WDCE, University of Richmond
90.1 FM
http://wdce.net

Hindemith: “Neues vom Tage” Overture
BBC Philharmonic/Yan Pascal Tortelier
(Chandos)

Ravel: “Miroirs” – IV. “Alborada del gracioso”
Bertrand Chamayou, piano
(Erato)

Richard Strauss: “Salome” – “Dance of the Seven Veils”
Wiener Philharmoniker/André Previn
(Deutsche Grammophon)

Debussy: “Danses sacrée et profane”
Lavinia Meijer, harp
Amsterdam Sinfonietta
(Sony Classical)

Bartók: “The Miraculous Mandarin” Suite
New York Philharmonic/Alan Gilbert
(New York Philharmonic)

Ives: Symphony No. 3 (“The Camp Meeting”)
San Francisco Symphony/Michael Tilson Thomas
(SFS Media)

Scott Joplin: “Magnetic Rag”
Alan Feinberg, piano
(Argo)

Villa-Lobos: “Rudepoêma”
Marc-André Hamelin, piano
(Hyperion)

Silvestre Revueltas: “Sensemayá”
Los Angeles Philharmonic/Esa-Pekka Salonen
(Sony Classical)

Janáček: “In the Mist”
Jan Bartoš, piano
(Supraphon)

Szymanowski: Violin Concerto No. 1
Nicola Benedetti, violin
London Symphony Orchestra/Daniel Harding
(Deutsche Grammophon)

Berg: Sonata in B minor, Op. 1
Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano
(Deutsche Grammophon)

Schoenberg: “Friede auf Erden,” Op. 13
Rundfunkchor/Kent Nagano
(Harmonia Mundi)

Richmond Symphony 2020-21

In the debut season of a yet to be selected music director, the Richmond Symphony will mark the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth with three of his signature symphonies and the 50th anniversary of the Richmond Symphony Chorus with several major choral works.

The season also will feature an exceptionally diverse array of repertory by women and composers of color, most of whom are at work today.

The symphony’s Metro Collection chamber-orchestra series will expand to a second venue, staging three concerts in 2021 at the 352-seat Jimmy Dean Theater in the new Baxter Perkinson Center for the Arts in Chester. The series will continue at Blackwell Auditorium of Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, where four concerts are scheduled.

Guest soloists for 2020-21 include violinist Rachel Barton Pine, playing Barber’s Violin Concerto; pianist Aaron Diehl, in Gershwin’s Piano Concerto; violinist Melissa White, in Mozart’s Violin Concerto No. 5; pianist Gabriela Martinez, in Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1; and JIJI, a Korean classical guitarist who won the 2016 Concert Artists Guild International Competition, playing Hilary Purrington’s “Harp of Nerves,” a guitar concerto premiered by JIJI in 2017.

Featured symphony principals are concertmaster Daisuke Yamamoto, performing as soloist and leader in a program centered on two of Bach’s “Brandenburg” concertos, and principal bassoonist Thomas Schneider, playing a concerto attributed to Rossini.

The Symphony Chorus, directed by Erin Freeman, will perform in Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony, Haydn’s oratorio “The Creation,” Dvořák’s Te Deum and Fauré’s Pavane, as well as Handel’s “Messiah” and the “Let It Snow!” holiday pops program.

In addition to pieces by nine prominent contemporary composers – Purrington, Caroline Shaw, Anna Clyne, Jessie Montgomery, Andy Akiho, Valerie Coleman, Guillaume Connesson, Melinda Wagner and Richmond-born Zachary Wadsworth – the symphony’s 2020-21 classical concerts will feature works by two icons of African-American music, William Grant Still and Duke Ellington, and infrequently programmed music by Luigi Boccherini, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Francis Poulenc and the 19th-century French composer Louise Farrenc.

Repertory staples scheduled for the season, in addition to the Beethoven Ninth and the Bach “Brandenburgs,” are Beethoven’s Fifth and Seventh symphonies, Mendelssohn’s “Italian” Symphony (No. 4), Saint-Saëns’ “Organ” Symphony (No. 3), Sibelius’ Third Symphony, Prokofiev’s “Classical Symphony” (No. 1) and selections from his “Romeo and Juliet” ballet music, Ravel’s “Bolero,” Grieg’s “Peer Gynt” suites, Wagner’s “Siegfried Idyll” and Stravinsky’s “Dumbarton Oaks” Concerto.

On the Symphony Pops schedule are a 30th-anniversary reprise of “Bugs Bunny at the Symphony;” a jazz program with Virginia Commonwealth University-based trumpeter Rex Richardson marking the centenaries of Charlie Parker and Dave Brubeck along with a new work by Richmond native Trey Pollard; singers Capathia Jenkins and Tony DeSare in a salute to two of the great American voices, Ella Fitzgerald and Frank Sinatra; and “Let It Snow!”

The Lollipops family series will feature the Latin Ballet of Virginia in a program celebrating Día de los Muertos (The Day of the Dead), the Mexican holiday tribute to departed family and friends; the Really Inventive Stuff troupe’s “The Life and Times of Beethoven;” Prokofiev’s “Peter and the Wolf;” and the return of the popular seasonal film-with-music “The Snowman.”

Conductors of the concerts will be announced after the new music director is named.

Season ticket subscriptions are now on sale. (Adult prices are listed below.) For details, call the symphony’s ticket services office at (804) 788-1212 or visit http://www.richmondsymphony.com/ticketing/seasonsubscriptions

Single tickets will go on sale on Aug. 1.

Dates, venues and programs for the symphony’s 2020-21 season:

MASTERWORKS
full-orchestra mainstage programs
Saturday evenings and Sunday afternoons at Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center, Sixth and Grace streets
8-concert subscriptions: $185-$553
4-concert subscriptions: $93-$284

Sept. 19 (8 p.m.)
Sept. 20 (3 p.m.)
William Grant Still: “Festive Overture”
Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F major
Aaron Diehl, piano
Jessie Montgomery: “Coincident Dances”
Duke Ellington: “Black, Brown and Beige” Suite

Oct. 17 (8 p.m.)
Andy Akiho: “Oscillate”
Mozart: Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, K. 219 (“Turkish”)
Melissa White, violin
Sibelius: Symphony No. 3 in C major

Nov. 14 (8 p.m.)
Nov. 15 (3 p.m.)
Louise Farrenc: Overture No. 1 in E minor
Fauré: Pavane in F sharp minor, Op. 50
Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D minor (“Choral”)
soloists TBA
Richmond Symphony Chorus

Jan. 16 (8 p.m.)
Valerie Coleman: “UMOJA, Anthem for Unity”
Villa-Lobos: “Bachianas brasileiras” No. 4
Grieg: “Peer Gynt” suites Nos. 1 & 2
Ravel: “Bolero”

Feb. 6 (8 p.m.)
Barber: “Toccata Festiva”
Dvořák: Te Deum
Richmond Symphony Chorus
Saint-Saëns: Symphony No. 3 in C minor (“Organ”)
organist TBA

March 6 (8 p.m.)
March 7 (3 p.m.)
Guillaume Connesson: “Maslenitsa”
Prokofiev: “Romeo and Juliet” (selections)
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor
Gabriela Martinez, piano

April 17 (8 p.m.)
April 18 (3 p.m.)
Anna Clyne: “Abstractions”
Barber: Violin Concerto
Rachel Barton Pine, violin
Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor

May 15 (8 p.m.)
May 16 (3 p.m.)
Haydn: “The Creation”
soloists TBA
Richmond Symphony Chorus

* * *

METRO COLLECTION
chamber-orchestra programs
Saturday evenings at Jimmy Dean Theater, Baxter Perkinson Center for the Arts, 11801 Center St., Chester
Sunday afternoons at Blackwell Auditorium, Randolph-Macon College, 205 Henry St., Ashland
4-concert Sunday subscriptions: $70
3-concert Saturday subscriptions: $53

Oct. 25 (3 p.m.)
Rossini: “L’Italiana in Algeri” Overture
Mendelssohn: Symphony No. 4 in A major (“Italian”)
Rossini (attr.): Bassoon Concerto
Thomas Schneider, bassoon
Boccherini: Symphony in D minor, Op. 12, No. 4 (“La casa del diavolo”)

Jan. 23 (7:30 p.m.)
Jan. 24 (3 p.m.)
Prokofiev: Symphony No. 1 in D major (“Classical”)
Wagner: “Siegfried Idyll”
Caroline Shaw: “Entr’acte”
Poulenc: Sinfonietta

Feb. 20 (7:30 p.m.)
Feb. 21 (3 p.m.)
Daisuke Yamamoto, violin & direction
J.S. Bach: “Brandenburg” Concerto No. 1 in F major, BWV 1046
Melinda Wagner: “Little Moonhead”
J.S. Bach: “Brandenburg” Concerto No. 3 in G major, BWV 1048
Stravinsky: Concerto in E flat major (“Dumbarton Oaks”)

April 24 (7:30 p.m.)
April 25 (3 p.m.)
Zachary Wadsworth: “Variations on an Unheard Theme”
Hilary Purrington: Guitar Concerto (“Harp of Nerves”)
JIJI, guitar
Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 in A major

* * *

SPECIAL CONCERT
Friday evening at Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center
single tickets: $30-$60

Dec. 4 (7:30 p.m.)
Handel: “Messiah”
soloists TBA
Richmond Symphony Chorus

* * *

SYMPHONY POPS
light classical, jazz and holiday programs
Saturday evenings (Sunday afternoon repeat for “Let It Snow!”) at venues listed
4-concert subscriptions: $92-$270

Oct. 3 (7 p.m.)
Altria Theater, Main and Laurel streets
George Daugherty conducting
“Warner Bros. Presents ‘Bugs Bunny at the Symphony,’ 30th Anniversary Edition”

Dec. 5 (8 p.m.)
Dec. 6 (3 p.m.)
Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center
“Let It Snow!” holiday program
Richmond Symphony Chorus

Feb. 27 (8 p.m.)
Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center
“Bird and Brubeck Turn 100”
Trey Pollard: new work for trumpet and orchestra
works TBA by Charlie Parker & Dave Brubeck
Rex Richardson, trumpet

April 10 (8 p.m.)
Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center
“Frank and Ella: a Night of Jazz”
Capathia Jenkins & Tony DeSare, vocalists

* * *

LOLLIPOPS
family programs
Saturday mornings at Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center
4-concert subscriptions: $48 (adult), $34 (ages 3-18)

Oct. 31 (11 a.m.)
Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) Celebration (in English and Spanish)
Latin Ballet of Virginia

Nov. 28 (11 a.m.)
“The Snowman,” film with live orchestra accompaniment

Jan. 30 (11 a.m.)
“The Life and Times of Beethoven”
Really Inventive Stuff, featuring Professor Nigel Taproot

May 8 (11 a.m.)
Prokofiev: “Peter and the Wolf”
narrator TBA

* * *

RUSH HOUR AT HARDYWOOD
casual concerts with selections from the following weekends’ Metro Collection programs
Thursday evenings at Hardywood Park Craft Brewery, Overbrook Road at Ownby Lane
4-concert passes: $40 (seating limited)

Oct. 22 (6:30 p.m.)
Jan. 21 (6:30 p.m.)
Feb. 18 (6:30 p.m.)
April 22 (6:30 p.m.)

Review: Richmond Symphony

Laura Jackson conducting
with Daisuke Yamamoto, violin
& Molly Sharp, viola
Feb. 9, Blackwell Auditorium, Randolph-Macon College, Ashland

Before she was a conductor, Laura Jackson was a violinist, and it showed as she led the Richmond Symphony in a Metro Collection chamber-orchestra concert at Randolph-Macon College. In the second week of her audition to became the symphony’s next music director, Jackson assembled a string-centric program.

The centerpiece was Mozart’s Sinfonia concertante in E flat major, K. 364, for violin and viola, featuring the orchestra’s concertmaster, Daisuke Yamamoto, and principal violist, Molly Sharp. The two were contrasting but complementary voices, playing with a winning combination of brilliance and warmth.

Their performance reached its peak in the work’s central andante, a virtual operatic duet, mildly bittersweet in tone, that Yamamoto and Sharp projected with abundant but not overindulgent lyricism. In the faster outer movements, they displayed fine fiddle technique as well as high-spirited spontaneity. Jackson and the orchestra gave the duo animated support.

The conductor drew sharply detailed and well-balanced playing from the symphony strings in Benjamin Britten’s “Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge,” a technically and expressively wide-ranging work introduced in 1937.

Bridge, Britten’s principal teacher, was one the early 20th-century British composers attuned both to the country’s oldest musical traditions – folk songs and dances, modal church music – and to then-current musical styles, especially French impressionism. Britten’s set of variations acknowledges that foundation and builds on it in the starkly expressive, rather angular voice that would define his mature style.

Jackson’s grasp of the stylistic cross-currents in this fascinating piece, and her skill in conveying that fluency to the symphony musicians, made the Britten the most persuasive case the conductor has made for her candidacy.

(Long-ish pauses for page-turning between variations make the “Bridge Variations” a prime orchestral candidate for on-screen digital scores whose pages can be advanced with the tap of a foot.)

Jackson obtained comparably fine results in Gabriela Lena Frank‘s “Concertino Cusqueño,” a piece that updates the old European concerto grosso form and transports it to the highlands of Peru.

Frank, a onetime classmate of the conductor, has written a number of pieces evoking the indigenous music of Peru, her mother’s homeland. This work grows out of a theme melding an old Inca-Iberian hymn tune with the timpani motif that opens Britten’s Violin Concerto – in effect, inviting Britten to visit a Peruvian village.

Frank’s colorful and complex orchestration is full of novel touches from the beginning, when the tune is introduced in a duet by piccolo and bass clarinet, through numerous interactions of winds, strings and percussion, negotiating many rhythmic twists and turns. It’s an orchestral showpiece, and received showpiece treatment by Jackson and a large crew of musicians who barely fit onto the stage of Randolph-Macon’s Blackwell Auditorium.

The program concluded with the “Romanian Folk Dances” of Béla Bartók, a miniature suite drawn from material collected during the Hungarian composer’s expeditions to the Balkan countryside in the early 1900s. Bartók’s orchestration is true to his source material, well-documented in field recordings he made in his travels. Jackson and the orchestra, notably clarinetist David Lemelin, made such enticing work of the suite that its brevity – barely more than five minutes – was more frustrating than usual.

Review: National Symphony of Ukraine

Volodymyr Sirenko conducting
with Volodymyr Vynnytsky, piano
Feb. 7, Carpenter Theatre, Dominion Energy Center

In the last century, most of the orchestras of the former Soviet Union had a standard sonic profile: big and brawny, with rather stark sonorities and a tendency toward extremes of sentimentality or militant fervor. Times and sounds change, and the National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, currently on tour in the US, is representative of those changes.

The orchestra retains some of the old-style tonal mass, principally in its brass section, but produces more varieties of tone color and plays with finer articulation and greater transparency in its rendering of details of orchestration.

Those qualities came through in a program, presented by the University of Richmond’s Modlin Arts Center at the downtown Carpenter Theatre, of contrasting works from Slavic symphonic repertory: Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 in B flat minor, bracketed by Dvořák’s Symphony No. 7 in D minor and the “First Ukrainian Symphony” in C major of the 18th-century composer Maksim Sozontovich Berezovsky.

In the Dvořák, the orchestra’s longtime conductor, Volodymyr Sirenko, set broad tempos that allowed the work’s lyrical qualities to bloom and clarified exchanges among string sections and woodwinds. String sound was noticeably warmer than in typical performances of this symphony, and wind solos were unusually characterful – at times bordering on pastoral. This interpretation took some of the edge off the Dvořák Seventh, softening its contrasts of the darkly dramatic and the lyrical.

The Tchaikovsky concerto, featuring pianist Volodymyr Vynnytsky, was paced slowly in the first two movements, giving the already prominent piano an even more commanding role. Vynnytsky played quite percussively, accentuating heavy chords and making Tchaikovsky’s glittering piano filagree into the sound equivalent of ice crystals.

The Steinway he was playing did not take kindly to this approach, sounding glassy and very harsh at high volume. Its tone was less grating in the finale of the concerto, taken at a more conventional brisk tempo, at which the blend of piano and orchestral sound improved.

The Berezovsky symphony – a surprise, as a different piece was listed in advance notice of the program – proved, despite its title, to be a pretty generic example of rococo style, not unlike contemporaneous works of the young Joseph Haydn or the Mannheim school of composers. The orchestra played it stylishly, although with the heft of a band far larger than those of the mid-18th century.

The National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, with pianist Volodymyr Vynnytsky, plays works by Brahms, Saint-Saëns and Dmytro Bortnyansky at 7:30 p.m. Feb. 21 at Moss Arts Center of Virginia Tech in Blacksburg. Tickets: $40-$75. Details: (540) 231-5300; http://artscenter.vt.edu The orchestra, with cellist Yevhen Stankovych, plays works by Brahms, Tchaikovsky and Schubert at 8 p.m. Feb. 22 at George Mason University’s Center for the Arts in Fairfax. Tickets: $36-$60. Details: (888) 945-2468 (Tickets.com); http://cfa.gmu.edu